Three species of hammerhead sharks (Sphyrna lewini, Sphyrna mokarran, Sphyrna zygaena) were voted into The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora’s (CITES) Appendix II in March 2013 during the meeting of the Conference of the Parties (COP16) in Bangkok, Thailand. Because CITES recognizes that international cooperation is essential for the protection of certain species of wild fauna and flora against over-exploitation, individual member states have had 18 months to develop and implement a strategy that manages the international trade of these species in order to avoid utilization incompatible with their survival. A required component in this strategy is the development of a Non-detriment findings (NDF), or a scientific evaluation of how continued export of a certain species will or will not be detrimental to the survival of that species.
In accordance with this requirement, PRETOMA has held a series of three workshops with multiple sectors of the Costa Rican government to define CITES implementation steps. The first of these was held on October 7-8, 2013, the second on February 20, 2014, and the third on June 10-11, 2014. The content of the first two workshops can be viewed here. Individual presentations can be found by clicking on the links below.
- National Service of Animal Health: Auditing and Inspecting of Fisheries Products
- Wildlife conservation legal applications
- Coast Guard: CITES species: Costa Rica’s maritime boarders
- CITES and Costa Rica’s Customs Office
- Costa Rica government: CITES applications in Costa Rica
- Shark exports in Costa Rica